What factors precipitated the development of the Illinois Juvenile Court Act of 1899?

                                                     ** Dicussion question **

What factors precipitated the development of the Illinois Juvenile Court Act of 1899? One of the most significant reforms in dealing with the juvenile offender was the opening of the New York House of Refuge in    1825. What were the social and judicial consequences of this reform on the juvenile justice system? The child savers have been accused of wanting to control the lives of poor and immigrant children for their own benefit. Are there any parallels to the child saving movement in modern-day America?  Who are the major participants in the juvenile adjudication process? What are each person’s roles and responsibilities in the course of a juvenile trial? The criminal justice system in the United States is based on the adversarial process. Does the same adversary principle apply in the juvenile justice system?

Dear writer, I need to answer this discussion question with 500 words APA 7th edition
with  TWO references one ONLINE and one from the BOOK, we are using. 
Book: 

Title: Juvenile delinquency:  Theory, practice and law (13th ed.)
Author: Siegel, L. J. & Welsh, B.C.  
Year Published: 2018
ISBN:  9781337091831

Chapter 13:  Junvenile Justice:  Then and Now
Chapter 14:  Police Work with Juveniles
Chapter 15: Juvenile Court Process:  Pretrial, Trial, and Sentencing