Evaluative questionPrimary Source TitleMISSINGSecondary Source titleMISSINGWho was the author? (Not the editor or the translator)It is written by an Egyptian man named, ‘Khety’.It is written by a professor, ‘Rafalle Cribiore’.Who is the audience? Be Specific. This is never ALL people.The audience are people primarily ancient Egyptians.The audience are the those who are interested in history and want to know about the importance of Nile for the ancient Egyptians.What type of document is it? (*More than a primary or secondary source. i.e. autobiography, letter, law, etc.)It is in a form of a poem or a hymn.It is an academic article.What is the subject or author’s thesis?The subject is about Nile. The importance of Nile and how essential it was to the old civilization. It was the need to survive for the civilizations in 2100 BCE but was also the cause of natural disasters which is why the Nile River is a GOD.The author is talking about its her interpretation for the audience. According to her, the interpretation of some of the stanzas of hymn are not done correctly. And it needs more accurate detail thaen is done by the editors previously.What was the author’s motive for writing the source?The author’s motive was to show people that how blessed are the Egyptians to have the Nile. It stresses on the relation Egyptians have with the river.Comment by Krutsinger, Cynthia V (PPCC): possessive, not plural add apostrophe.The motive of the author was to explain the ancient hymn appropriately based on the historic and ancient Greek information.Comment by Krutsinger, Cynthia V (PPCC): What does Greece have to do with it? This isn’t from Greece. If this is pertinent, explain.Does the author have an obvious bias? (*Note that all authors have biases, but not all are obvious.) What is the bias?There was an obvious bias because Nile was the source of their survival which is why the river was explained in golden words. More importantly, the river was considered as god because it gave them food, water and security.There was no obvious hint of bias because it was more factual. It stressed on right interpretations as the author had the knowledge of the old scriptures and writings specially of the ancient Greek. And her writing explains the poem or hymn based on these facts. Comment by Krutsinger, Cynthia V (PPCC): See above.Where was the document written? How does this influence what is written?It was written by a man in 2100 BCE in middle EgyptianMiddle Egypt. This influence the writing because it is written in the times when the way of life and living was very different from today. The priorities of life, the way of looking at it and every aspect of it was different. It was written in the time when the most important thing was to survive. It gives a great insight of those times.The document was written in 1995. It influences because it gives a detailed explanation and interpretation of the ancient Greek hymn “A Hymn to the Nile”. It influences as it covers the hymn from various aspects giving a deeper insight of the poem.Comment by Krutsinger, Cynthia V (PPCC): I think you are misunderstanding your secondary source. She is arguing that original Greek translations of the Egyptian text were incorrect. This is not a Greek text.Comment by Krutsinger, Cynthia V (PPCC): Doesn’t answer the question of where.When was the document written?The content directs that it was written during the days of cold winter.It was written in 1995.What was the effect of the source on history?The effect was to make people realize the blessings they had on them because of the Nile Rriver. Comment by Krutsinger, Cynthia V (PPCC): capitalize all words of a proper noun (PN)The students of ancient history or the reader are able to understand hymn from various aspects after reading the view of Cribiore.What was the historical context of the document? What was going on at the time that might have influenced the author’s opinions? How did the source affect your view of the topic or event, if a secondary source?In those times, the Nile was of utmost importance as people and various civilizations lived around Nile. It was the source of food, water, it offered a canal for trade, a way of defense against rivals and it helped in irrigation due to which there were crops which provided for the food not only for human but also for the animals. The writer is stressing on its importance to make people understanding the blessing as the most important quest of those times were the survival.People used to roam from one place to another in search of food and shelter and the banks of Nile provided them with both. Comment by Krutsinger, Cynthia V (PPCC): Look into Ancient Egypt’s history in 2100 BCE. You will find some weather and water related information that is relevant to historical context.The article is written to clear the translations that are done previously of the poem. There were many explanations and interpretations being done of the poem. Some of the interpretations and explanations were correct while some were inaccurate. It helped in understanding the importance of Nile and how religious it was for the ancient Greek. It was not only considered as a river but an ocean for people. it was seen as a river that was streaming with gold for them. Comment by Krutsinger, Cynthia V (PPCC): content error.Comment by Krutsinger, Cynthia V (PPCC): This is not historical context of the secondary source. It’s summary of the article with some errors. Historical context is what was occurring at the time the source was created, so for this that would be 1995.Why was the document written? (*You may have to infer this by reading between the lines or doing further research.)BLANKIt was written to clear out the wrong interpretations.Is the document credible? Why or why not? (*See how to determine reliability or credibility in the HOW to Study and Research in HISTORY Exploration.)It can be said as a credible document because it is the only historical hymn that has survived. And was found to be written in the language and signs of the ancient Egyptians which had to interpreted.This can be considered as a credible document because the author was a professor of ancient education and Greek education. She taught classics at “New York University”. Sshe is one of the very renowned professor having specialization in papyrology, ancient education, ancient Greek rhetoric and the Second Sophistic.Comment by Krutsinger, Cynthia V (PPCC): So how does that make her credible to write about an Egyptian hymn?