The fleet average fuel economy of one car maker fails to meet the present CAFE target (27.5 mpg) by.

The fleet average fuel economy of one car maker fails to
meet the present CAFE target (27.5 mpg) by 3 mpg. As we know, this will incur a
penalty of $165 per car. Assuming that the first owner of a typical car bought from
this car maker drives it for 100,000 miles before selling it, how much more
gasoline will it burn than one that meets the standard? If the carbon footprint
of gasoline is 2.9 kg/liter and 1 US gallon 5 3.79 liters how much extra carbon
does the car emit? If gasoline costs $4 per US gallon, what is the cost penalty
of the deficit of 3 mpg?