NR514-NEEDRESPONSES-2.docx

The Best WritersNR514-NEED RESPONSES Windshield Tourby  –Discussion pointsStrategies to curb the risk factors affecting the West Garfield ParkRisk factors affecting the population of West Garfield ParkSocial inequalitiesLifestyle determinantsEconomic factorsEpidemiology and public healthAfter being posted to serve in a hospital in West Garfield Park, one of the most dangerous neighborhoods in Chicago, I took a drive to explore the area and assess the population lifestyle, economic factors, and the general environmental condition in West Garfield Park. I encountered most people abusing various drugs, particularly alcohol and tobacco products. I also realized that the area had a disproportionate number of billboards for tobacco and alcohol products. The neighborhood is poorly maintained, and most of the population lived in huts and poor garbage deposition, making the area smell filthy thus health hazardous. I identified the main determinants of health that affected the people in West Garfield Park as economic, social, and individual lifestyle inequalities.Social inequalitiesThe social condition in which the population in West Garfield Park lives adversely influences their health. Social factors such as poor housing where most of the population live in densely populated shanties put their lives at risk of getting infected with airborne diseases, such as cholera, tuberculosis, Covid-19, and typhoid outbreaks that are easily transferred from one person to another. Poverty is also a significant social determinant as most people cannot meet their basic needs. This has led to an increased rate of crime in the region, lack of sufficient education leading to high dropout cases due to the inability to meet the essential requirement in academic institutions. The social determinants in health account for a considerable extent of the overall burden of infections in the region (Dahlgren & Whitehead, 2006). Consequently, attempts to minimize the social health determinants should need to be viewed as an effective strategy for increasing the average health status of the entire population.Lifestyle determinantsIndividual behaviors, for instance, smoking, exercise and diet, and drinking, greatly influence the population’s health. In West Garfield Park, most individuals’ lives are deteriorated due to excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco smoking. For instance, tobacco smoking is considered the most significant behavioral risk factor as it increases mortality risks from chronic respiratory ailments, lung cancer, stroke, and heart diseases. Generally, drugs and substance abuse have contributed to increased obesity, high cholesterol level, and high blood pressure-related issues. (Dahlgren & Whitehead, 2006). The most effective strategy to help curb the lifestyle-related risk determinants is to inform the populations on the negative impacts of unhealthy lifestyle practices to enable them to change their ways of living.Economic factorsEconomic inequalities include a lack of employment opportunities leading to poor living conditions for most people in the neighborhood. The local economy impacts job prospects, which affects income, thus determining the type of food and shelter we can manage. All of these factors impact our family’s health and well-being significantly more than the provision of healthcare services, earnings, employment, schooling, and housing have significant effects on our health. Educational attainment directly impacts health outcomes (Dahlgren & Whitehead, 2021). Individuals who are well off both socially and economically have more excellent health than poor individuals.ConclusionTo conclude, Health determinants in society are influenced by the level of social-economic, which has led to increasing awareness that social inequalities individual lifestyle can affect most health concerns and economic factors. Such risk factors greatly influence the individual’s risk of getting ill-health, practical ability to prevent ailments, and access to better medical care.ReferencesDahlgren, G., & Whitehead, M. (2006). European strategies for tackling social inequities in health: Levelling up Part 2.Dahlgren, G., & Whitehead, M. (2021). The Dahlgren-Whitehead model of health determinants: 30 years on and still chasing rainbows. Public Health, 199, 20-24. – The Northwest neighborhood is a 16-block area bounded by Crescent, Grove, and State streets and East Creek. The neighborhood which goes back to the 1880’s has been stigmatized in recent years by drug trafficking and deterioration. The result has been a renewed sense of pride and optimism, not only in the neighborhood but throughout the city. With the involvement of many residents, parks and community gardens were established. The city has targeted blighted houses for demolition, opening pockets of green space along the streets. The surrounding area is one of sizeable, late-19th century middle-class homes, built for downtown merchants, businesspeople, and their employees.The death of a seventeen-year-old girl in 2012, who was killed when an intoxicated driver crashed into her at high speed outside her workplace, left the community stunned, horrified, and determined to beat back the scourge of drugs in Rutland and the senseless destruction it was leaving in its wake. Three risk factors that affect the population in this area are substance abuse, poverty and family dysfunction (Purdy, 2016). The Dahlgren-Whitehead rainbow models broaden horizons encouraging people to think beyond health services and the health sector to the wider social determinants of health in the local environment (Dahlgren & Whitehead, 2021). Project Vision is a coalition that includes community members and other major stakeholders in the City of Rutland from the Police Department, to mental health care providers, to educators to work on strengthening and revitalizing communities by creating community leaders, as well as addressing the underlying issues of mental illness, family dysfunction, poverty, and substance abuse that contribute to criminal activity and blight within the neighborhood.Dahlgren G and Whitehead, M (2021). The Dahlgren-Whitehead model of health determinants: 30 years on and still chasing rainbows, Public Health, V199, 2021, P20-24, ISSN 0033-3506, Purdy, Julia (2016) The Mountain Times, Reclaiming Rutlands Northwest Neighborhood Reclaiming Rutland’s Northwest Neighborhood NeighborWorks of Western Vermont (nwwvt.org)318 words