Mr May is a sole trader and owns WoodyTrain, a toy store specialising in handcrafted wooden train toys. Mr May wants to raise £20,000 by getting a new partner.   Instructions  You are required answer the following points and produce a report of your findings:  • Analyse the types of business budgets that Mr May have prepared for this business  organisation. Recommend how these budgets would allow a new partner to make an  informed decision about investment.  Explain the different methods Mr May could use to calculate the unit cost of the  handcrafted wooden train toys.   Compare the format of the financial statements that Mr May will currently prepare for  his sole trader business with those prepared for a partnership and limite

Mr May is a sole trader and owns WoodyTrain, a toy store specialising in handcrafted wooden train toys. Mr May wants to raise £20,000 by getting a new partner.   Instructions  You are required answer the following points and produce a report of your findings:  • Analyse the types of business budgets that Mr May have prepared for this business  organisation. Recommend how these budgets would allow a new partner to make an  informed decision about investment.  Explain the different methods Mr May could use to calculate the unit cost of the  handcrafted wooden train toys.   Compare the format of the financial statements that Mr May will currently prepare for  his sole trader business with those prepared for a partnership and limite
INTRODUCTION TO FINANCE 

Unit Title 
Introduction to Finance 

Unit Reference Number 
M/616/2722

Unit Level 
Level 4

Assessor

Date issued

Hand in Date

Unit Grading Structure 
Pass 

Assessment Guidance 
To achieve this unit, learners must achieve the learning  outcomes and meet the standards specified by all  assessment criteria for the unit.

 

LO 
LO Description 
AC 
AC Description


Understand sources of  
finance available to a  
business.
1.1 
Assess the benefits and limitations of the different  sources of finance.

1.2 
Evaluate appropriate sources of finance for a business project.


Understand finance as a  resource within a business.
2.1 
Determine the costs of different sources of finance.

2.2 
Explain the importance of financial planning.

2.3 
Assess the information needs of different decision  makers in a business.

2.4 
Explain the impact of sources of finance on the  financial statement.


Be able to make financial  decisions based on financial  information.
3.1 
Analyse budgets and recommend appropriate  decisions.

3.2 
Explain the calculation of unit costs.

3.3 
Make pricing decisions using relevant information.

3.4 
Assess the viability of a project using investment  appraisal techniques.


Be able to assess the  
financial performance of a  business.
4.1 
Compare formats of financial statements  appropriate for different types of business.

4.2 
Interpret financial statements using appropriate ratios and comparisons, both internal and external.

 
Scenario 
Each task has its own scenario for this assignment 
Task 1 of 3 – Financial Advice Report (ACs 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3 & 2.4) 
Scenario 
You are a Financial Advisor; a client has approached you for advice about opening a flower  shop business. The client has saved £10,000 but knows that a minimum of £30,000 is  needed to start the business.  
Instructions 
You are to give advice regarding possible financial sources to raise the remaining  £20,000.00 and need to:  

Assess the benefits and limitations of different sources of finance. 
Evaluate appropriate sources of finance for this business project. 
Determine the costs of different sources of finance. 
Explain the importance of financial planning. 
Assess the information needs of different decision makers in a business. • Explain the impact of sources of finance on the financial statement. 

Write your findings in a report to be given to be given to the client 
Delivery and Submission 

1x Financial Advice Report – 750 words 

Task 2 of 3 – Financial Decisions Report (ACs 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 4.1)  Instructions 
Scenario 
Mr May is a sole trader and owns WoodyTrain, a toy store specialising in handcrafted wooden train toys. Mr May wants to raise £20,000 by getting a new partner.  
Instructions 
You are required answer the following points and produce a report of your findings:  • Analyse the types of business budgets that Mr May have prepared for this business  organisation. Recommend how these budgets would allow a new partner to make an  informed decision about investment. 

Explain the different methods Mr May could use to calculate the unit cost of the  handcrafted wooden train toys.  
Compare the format of the financial statements that Mr May will currently prepare for  his sole trader business with those prepared for a partnership and limited company. • WoodyTrain has been asked to supply a large number of toys to a large retailer at a  

discounted price of 50%. Advise Mr May on what he needs to consider before  replying to the retailer.

WoodyTrain is considering expanding and purchasing a new toy store.  Two new stores are being considered – Toy Store A and Toy Store B.  

The following are the estimated cash flows for each building. 

Year 
Toy Store A 
Toy Store B

£ 
£


-375 000 
-425 000


200 000 
200 000


110 000 
150 000


220 000 
300 000


130 000 
250 000

 
The toy store’s cost of capital is 12%. The extract from present value tables of £1 @ 12%: 

Year 1 
0.893

Year 2 
0.797

Year 3 
0.712

Year 4 
0.636

 

Calculate for each building: 

o Payback 
o Net Present Value  

Recommend and justify, based on your financial analysis, which Toy Store, Mr May  should purchase. 

Delivery and Submission 

1x Financial Decisions Report – 1000 words 

Task 3 of 3 – Financial Analysis Report (AC 4.2)  
For this task, you are employed as an adviser to a team of Toy Store Owners.  For research, you should review the published accounts of Hamleys Group Limited (Toy  Store), which can be downloaded from 
https://beta.companieshouse.gov.uk/company/02352435/filing-history 
You are required to prepare a financial analysis report that includes the following: • An evaluation of the financial statements of Hamleys Group Limited. You should  evaluate the structure, format and requirements of their published accounts.  • A description of how the following ratios could be used by organisations, such as  Hamleys Group Limited and their stakeholders.  
You should consider the following ratio groups: 
o Profitability 
o Liquidity 
o Efficiency 
o Capital 
o Investor 
Delivery and Submission 

1x Financial Analysis Report – 750 words 

Referencing: 

Each section must reflect any supporting Harvard style citations. 
A comprehensive Harvard style reference list must be included at the end of the  work.  

Evidence to be submitted: 

Financial Advice Report – 750 words 
Financial Decisions Report – 1000 words 
Financial Analysis Report – 750 words

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