Discussion Board : primary hypertension and diabetes mellitus

17Jan 2022 by

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KH is a 67-year-old African-American man with primary hypertension and diabetes mellitus. He is currently taking an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and following a salt-restricted weight loss diet. He is about 30 pounds over his ideal weight. At his clinic.   visit his blood pressure is noted to be 135/96. His heart rate is 70 beats/min. He has no complaints. His wife brought a blood pressure cuff and stethoscope with her in the hope of learning to take her husbands blood pressure at home.

What risk factors for primary hypertension are evident from KHs history and physical data?
What is the rationale for treating KH with an ACE inhibitor? What is the mechanism of action?
What part of the blood pressure formula do they affect?


KHs hypertension is not adequately controlled. What other intervention might be considered?
What tips can you give KHs wife to improve the accuracy of her blood pressure measurement technique?