June 2022 Examination
Q1. Determine the present value of INR 2500 invested today assuming a rate of return of 10%. Define the concept of Present value. Compute- the Present value received one year from now, received at the end of 5 years, received at the end of 10 years.
Discuss with reason, which of the three values, is the lowest one (10 Marks)
In corporate finance, the money in hand these days is known as the current price, and the cost of the amount of cash expected to be acquired in the destiny is called the future price of cash. It is a risk-less fact that cash nowadays has a higher cost than the cash to be acquired in the future s. it is danger-much less cash. It could be invested to earn a return on it. Further, the accurate price of money in hand isn’t always likely to be decreased today. It implies that a comparison between the actual price of the money nowadays and its nominal value in the future can’t be drawn.
The fee schedules and receipt schedules can be complicated in the company houses. Sometimes a payment can be required to be made nowadays, or occasionally it may be required to be paid on a later date. Similarly, an amount
Q2. For a business firm leverage is about the fixed operating cost and the fixed finance costs in the cost structure of the firm.
For the given details, identify for which firm the degree of operating leverage and degree of financial leverage are higher and why so: (10 Marks)
Firms Amrit Baayu
Variable cost p.u
Fixed cost (Rs.)
The period leverage is commonly used in economic management to signify the ability of the company to extend business results at a lower cost. James Horne defines leverage as using the funds or assets through paying a hard and fast cost or return. Belongings in the business can be sold by using either owned budget or borrowed funds. Fundamentally leverage Is called the debtor, the borrowings of the business that are used to finance the company’s assets. Using a high quantum of borrowed finances can endanger the enterprise’s survival through primary to bankruptcy. It also affects the returns of the business, more mainly the return on equity, as the net profits pass down due to the interest value. However, the equity isn’t always diluted. So, consistent with fairness, returns come to below. Traders inside the business pick debt, to a certain extent, the handiest.
3. Project costs Rs 180,000 and is expected to generate cash inflows as:
Year Cash inflows(Rs)
a. Discuss the characteristics of long term capital budgeting decisions
Capital Budgeting may be defined as the assessment method of long-term capital investments. It aids in figuring out the prospective investments and the costs which could generate a better return to the enterprise. The primary objective of the method is to augment the return earned through the business by deciding on and investing the capital within the maximum worthwhile venture. It is also known as the funding appraisal manner.
b. calculate the Net Present Value of the project if the cost of capital is 12% and conclude.
When we speak about capital budgeting selections, we strive to determine whether the new investment needs to be made or can be ignored. The capital outflow or inflow at the quit of the length is commonly nominal or, now and then, even opposite predicted. At the same time as making any selections regarding capital outflow, the organization must use the capital budgeting approach. The maximum famous technique for comparing an investment proposal is the net present price method.
Concept and application:
The Capital of an employer can also comprise each fairness and debt. Each aspect of the Capital has its cost, and the value is the aggregate price of acquiring them.
Capital budgeting is the manner of determining whether a ne