ArgumentAnalysisSamplePresentation.pdf

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COUN 2413Abstract• This presentation focuses on the types of sexism that occur in the workplace. The two categories are benevolent sexism and hostile sexism. Each category of sexism demonstrates the difference a women may feel between the two in a workplace. The feelings can either be positive or negative depending on the type of sexism and the type of women they are. Both categories believe that women are less capable than men and should not be in superior roles.Hostile Sexism and Benevolent Sexism in the workplace• Benevolent sexist believe that women are delicate, weak, and fragile. The men in the workplace may see the women as incompetent and should not be held up to higher standards. “Benevolent sexists should believe that women are not suited for positions of power” (Hideg, 2016, p. 9). Benevolent sexism is a simple way of saying that women should be at home and not getting their delicate hands dirty.• Hostile sexist believe that women seek power to gain control over men. The men who feel that way tend to be lower status males with more to lose. They feel threatened by the women and become more hostile towards them.Methods/Criteria• The research for the presentation was conducted using the Midwestern State University Library Database with Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, and CINAHL Complete . The journals used were Journal of Personality & Social Psychology and British Journal of Social Psychology. Keywords used during the search were “benevolent sexism” and “hostile sexism”. Literature reviews used for the presentation were published between 2015-2016.Article #1: The Compassionate Sexist? How Benevolent Sexism Promotes and Undermines Gender Equality in the Workplace• The article by Ivona Hideg and D. Lance Lerris describes how benevolent sexism promotes and undermines gender equality in the workplace.• The hypothesis for their research was if benevolent sexism was beneficial to women in the workplace or if it was negative. This was also in terms of gender employment equity and how certain jobs are meant for males and others for females.• In the article there are 3 instances that suggest the benefit of benevolent sexism towards women in the workplace.• The first instance was a study measuring benevolent and hostile sexism in the workplace by conducting a survey to participants in college as well as individuals applying for a full-time job. However, the study was not very accurate because the possibility of stereotyping was possible and would result inaccurate.• The second instance was a study that suggested compassion as a big factor towards benevolent sexism. It stated that compassion was the reason that women were suggested to have less stressful jobs that were for women.• A third instance was a study that that suggested women be in a feminine job (human resource management) and not in a masculine (finance) position.Article #1 continued…• The studies that were conducted demonstrated that benevolent sexism supported the hiring of women for feminine roles. If I were to conduct my own research, I would ask both men and women during their hiring process a series of questions and have them come in a few weeks later to ask again after they have gone through educational training.• My findings would not be used to modify the law because benevolent sexism is not dangerous. It may be undermining towards women who may feel they are more capable than men, but this type of sexism does not actually pose a threat in a physical way.• The authors’ argument suggest that benevolent sexism is beneficial to women and I partially agree with them. It is good that men be compassionate towards women and should treat them with respect. Having a women do a less physical job is not necessarily undermining them, but it should be perceived as the man protecting the women.• My position as a female who is happy not overseeing other people in the workplace may make others believe that all females feel that way. However, other women may have different opinions that would later result in those same women fighting for equal rights as the men. Those females seek the opportunity to be superior to the men.Article #2: Hostile sexism (de)motivates women’s social competition intentions: The contradictory role of emotions• The article by Lemonaki, Manstead, and Maio conducted a research on hostile sexism and how it affects women in the workplace.• The hypothesis for their research was if the knowledge of hostile sexism affected the thoughts and emotions of the women whom they experimented on.• In the article there are 2 studies that suggest that hostile sexism affects the behavior of a women in the workplace• During the first study a series of undergraduate women read an article during a course that they were taking. In the article it was suggested that women have not progressed over the years despite their abilities to try and be respected as much as the men. After the women read the article they were asked if they felt confident in themselves and the majority agreed they did not feel socially ready to compete against the men.• The second study was conducted towards staff and students at a university. They read an article that talked about sexism and how it affected women. After they read the article forms of anger and frustration increased. However, the hostile sexism lowered their levels of security and readiness to compete against the men. The results can be believable because the second study was similar to the first study and had similar results..Article #2 continued…• If I were to conduct my own research on how hostile sexism affects women in the workplace, I would not use articlesto manipulate the women into thinking they can or can not go against the men. I would simply have a male and female compete for a higher-level position and encourage both equally that either one is well deserving of the position. I would also conduct my research for high school students going against valedictorian or a top university. I would encourage everyone that they have the same abilities and have their mindsets equal towards each other.• I’m not sure my findings would modify the law. I do believe that both men and women should be treated equally. However, hostile sexism is something that has been around for years and it would take more than a few studies and articles to truly make a change.• The authors argument suggest that hostile sexism decreases a women’s ability to feel confident going against the men despite their emotions of anger and frustration they may feel against them. I do believe that any person male or female who is emotionally put down will not have the same confidence they may have had before. Hostile sexism is an emotional attack towards women that may seem harmless but, in the end, it can truly make a women feel powerless.• I am a women who did not feel threatened by benevolent sexism, but I do feel a little angered with hostile sexism. I am a women who would want to go up against a man, but I would not feel confident doing so. I do not feel like I am smarter than most men because I do not feel stronger than most women.Personal Thoughts• Benevolent and hostile sexism are both issues that tend to show up in the workplace. A women may either feel threatened by this or not. As I stated before, benevolent sexism is not necessarily a threat because the male is putting the women first and being respectful to her. However, hostile sexism is emotionally hurtful to women because a male is undermining her and saying she is not good enough.• I do believe that the women should be respected equally but I also believe that they should be nurtured and cared for. The man should do the heavy lifting and the stressful jobs, but the career women should also have the right to do the same job if she wanted and get equally paid for it.References• Hideg, I., & Ferris, D. L. (2016). The compassionate sexist? How benevolent sexism promotes and undermines gender equality in the workplace. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 111(5), 706 727. Doi:10.1037/pspi0000072.• Lemonaki, E., Manstead, A. S. R., & Maio, G. R. (2015). Hostile sexism (de)motivates women’s social competition intentions: The contradictory role of emotions. British Journal of Social Psychology, 54(3), 483 499. Doi:10.1111/bjso.1210.