A bibliography is a list of sources (books, journals, Web sites, periodicals, etc.) one has used for researching a topic. Bibliographies are sometimes called “References” or “Works Cited” depending on the style format you are using. A bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information (i.e., the author, title, publisher, etc.).
An annotation is a summary and/or evaluation. Therefore, an annotated bibliography includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources. Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may do one or more of the following (https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/common_writing_assignments/annotated_bibliographies/index.html (Links to an external site.)).
Summarize: Some annotations merely summarize the source. What are the main arguments? What is the point of this book or article? What topics are covered? If someone asked what this article/book is about, what would you say? The length of your annotations will determine how detailed your summary is. For more help, see our handout on paraphrasing (Links to an external site.) sources.
Assess: After summarizing a source, it may be helpful to evaluate it. Is it a useful source? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? Is the information reliable? Is this source biased or objective? What is the goal of this source? For more help, see our handouts on evaluating resources (Links to an external site.).
Reflect: Once you’ve summarized and assessed a source, you need to ask how it fits into your research. Was this source helpful to you? How does it help you shape your argument? How can you use this source in your research project? Has it changed how you think about your topic?
Requirements for Step 2:
Identify at least five sources of information about your research topic from academic articles, newspapers, or approved websites (at least 1 from peer reviewed sources).
After identifying and researching your five sources, you are required to annotate the sources (see above). The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.
The annotation for each source should be 1-2 paragraphs (typed, double spaced, 12pt font), and the sources need to be presented in APA style bibliographic form and annotated.
In your Annotated Bibliography and your final Exploratory Essay assignments that you turn in on Canvas, BE SURE TO CITE YOUR REFERENCES, both IN the body of your paper and in a reference list at the end, and use APA style of citation. Your essay should include a minimum of five academic and/or official sources in addition to the course text. No more than 10% of direct quotations in the essay.
Please note: Wikipedia, “some person”(s) websites, and magazine and newspaper articles are not academic sources. You should be using journal articles, books, and websites from .edu and .gov sites, written by academics who are well recognized within their fields.